Parents: Do You Want To Help Your Children
Owning a home is a dream that is shared by millions and millions of Americans. Several years ago the national home ownership rate reached a record high as almost 70% of all families owned their own home. This number has fallen somewhat since the recession, however the dream of obtaining home ownership has remained a goal for many who are presently renting. More recently, more Americans have been able to reach their goal of home ownership because of low interest rates and moderate home prices that have made owning more affordable than ever.
Unfortunately, some lending programs now require a greater down payment and better credit as opposed to what was required only a few years ago. This means that even though we have a great buying opportunity, many first time buyers may need additional help in order to purchase their first home.
When considering purchasing it makes sense to consider traditional sources of aid such as our families. Traditionally, American parents have been a significant source of help when their children decide to become part of the community of homeowners. Here are a few important ways in which parents can help their children purchase real estate:
Alleviating cash shortages through gifts.
According to major surveys, the number one obstacle to owning a home is a shortage of cash. Though many mortgage programs now require small downpayments in order to purchase a home, most mortgage programs allow some or all of the liquid assets needed for the downpayment and/or closing costs to be provided through a gift from an immediate relative such as one’s parents. The most liberal programs with regard to the provision of gifts are FHA (Federal Housing Administration) and VA (Dept. of Veteran’s Affairs).
FHA is a very popular program for first-time buyers and it allows all of the capital necessary for the purchase to come from a gift. The capital required is typically 3.5% of the sales price for the down payment and any closing costs not paid by the seller or through a lender credit.
VA loans are for the benefit of active military and veterans of military service. The majority of VA loans require no downpayment and therefore the use of gifts would typically be for those who need help with closing costs, especially when sellers are not contributing towards such costs or a lender credit is not available.
Conventional programs tend to be less liberal with regard to the use of gifts. In many cases conventional programs require at least 3.0% to 5.0% of the cash needed for purchase to come from the purchaser, unless the gift constitutes 20% of the total purchase price of the home. There are some low-to-moderate income homebuyer programs which have been introduced which have liberalized requirements regarding gifts.
Purchasing together for income support.
Purchasing a home with your children may enable those who do not have enough income to qualify for a mortgage to finance their home purchase. Once again, mortgage programs vary with regard to the allowance of co-borrowers and FHA has the most liberal requirements. Under the FHA program, immediate family members can help a relative purchase without living in the home themselves. VA is the most stringent with regard to co-borrowers, as only the spouse or another veteran who will live in the home can co-sign. Conventional programs vary with regard to their requirements, but once again these have become more liberal with the growth of low-to-moderate income programs.
Purchasing together for credit support.
One area in which a parent can help is for children who have a substandard credit history. It should be noted that adding a co-borrower with a clean credit history in no way erases the existence of a poor credit history. On the other hand, a strong co-borrower may be able to make the difference in cases where the credit history of the child is close, but not quite up to standards. It should also be noted that the credit score, which is used for a determination of the rate, would come from the child if it is lower than the parents’ scores.
Cash, income and credit. The three major barriers to obtaining a mortgage and reaching the American dream of homeownership. Help for overcoming these obstacles may be no further away than going back to your roots. With rates so low and home prices still affordable, there are many reasons to act now.
The Federal Reserve Board has shown that homeowners as a whole have over ten times the net worth of renters. Helping a child enter the world of homeownership may be the most important help you can give your children in their lifetime.